Learning our Lessons: A Review of Alternative Livelihood Projects in Central Africa

Learning our Lessons: A Review of Alternative Livelihood Projects in Central Africa

Author(s): Wicander, Sylvia, Coad, Lauren

Publication Date: 2014


The study found that a range of different livelihood alternatives (for both protein and income) is currently being offered. A high proportion of projects are being run by national NGOs, and the majority of projects show a desire to involve communities in the design, implementation and management of these projects. Both suggest a high level of localism in project management and design, which may have a positive effect on project sustainability. However, many projects are funded through small, short-term grants, and are struggling to meet their objectives with the available time, funding and capacity.

Information relevant to Learning Questions:

Are enabling conditions in place to support a sustainable enterprise?

  • Stakeholder alignment, diversification
  • Market demand, profit potential, access to credit/capital
  • Ownership, governance
  • Business alliances
  • Financial management capacity, technical capacity
  • Inputs, equipment, infrastructure
  • Benefit sharing, targeted participants, biodiversity linkage, policies for and enforcement of resource use

Does the enterprise lead to benefits to stakeholders?

  • Increased income for participants
  • Non-cash benefits

Do the benefits lead to positive changes in attitudes and behavior?

  • Attitudes regarding sustainable use of resources
  • Behaviors regarding sustainable use of resources

Does a change in stakeholders’ behaviors lead to a reduction to threats to biodiversity (or restoration)?

  • Biological resource use

Does a reduction in threats (or restoration) lead to conservation?

  • Species

Enterprise Types:

  • Crops
  • Livestock: pigs, goats, cattle, sheep, impala, duiker, poultry, cane rat, snails, rabbits, guinea pigs
  • Aquaculture and mariculture
  • Other natural products: beekeeping

Document type

  • Case-study
  • Report
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