One Health Evidence Inbox

Wildlife Trade, Pandemics and the Law: Fighting this year's virus with last year's law

This paper is the follow-up to a brief survey of legislation conducted by Legal Atlas in June of 2020 on existing legal approaches to controlling zoonotic disease risk in the context of wildlife trade.

Reducing Public Health Risks Associated with the Sale of Live Wild Animals of Mammalian Species in Traditional Food Markets

Traditional food markets, rather than supermarkets, are the norm in many parts of the world.

Veterinary Intelligence: Integrating Zoonotic Threats into Global Health Security

Zoonotic diseases are leading threats to public health globally.

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals on Biodiversity, Climate Change and Health Agenda

A stable climate and healthy ecosystems provide the basic underpinnings of human welfare and development.

Preventing the Next Pandemic -- Zoonotic Disease and How to Break Chain of Transmission

This report is one of the first that specifically focuses on the environmental side of the zoonotic dimension of disease outbreaks during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Situation Analysis: COVID-19, Wildlife Trade, and Consumer Engagement

Despite evidence still being unclear as to the origins of the virus, people’s relationship with and consumption of wild animals such as pangolins has been irreversibly cast into sharp relief.

Ecological Interventions to Prevent and Manage Zoonotic Pathogen Spillover

Spillover of a pathogen from a wildlife reservoir into a human or livestock host requires the pathogen to overcome a hierarchical series of barriers.

The Security Threat that Binds Us: The Unraveling of Ecological and Natural Security and What the United States Can Do About It

Global ecological disruption is arguably the 21st Century’s most underappreciated security threat.

Report of the Scientific Task Force on Preventing Pandemics

The report contains key findings and recommendations for research and action to inform pandemic prevention.

Forests Moderate the Effectiveness of Water Treatment at Reducing Childhood Diarrhea

Environmental degradation has been associated with increased burden of diseases such as malaria, diarrhea, and malnutrition.

Post COVID-19: A Solution Scan of Options for Preventing Future Zoonotic Epidemics

The crisis generated by the emergence and pandemic spread of COVID-19 has thrown into the global spotlight the dangers associated with novel diseases, as well as the key role of animals, especially wild animals, as potential sources of pathogens to humans.

Land Use-Induced Spillover: A Call to Action to Safeguard Environmental, Animal, and Human Health

The rapid global spread and human health impacts of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, show humanity’s vulnerability to zoonotic disease pandemics.

PAHO One Health: A Comprehensive Approach for Addressing Health at the Human-Animal-Environment Interface

The aim of this policy on One Health is to foster coordination and collaboration among the different governance frameworks of human, animal, plant, and environmental health programs in order to better prevent and prepare for current and future health challenges at the human-animal-environment interface.

A Rapid Review of Evidence on Managing the Risk of Disease Emergence in Wildlife Trade

This synthesis integrates the lessons learned from each of the report’s chapters and highlights their implications for planning an OIE program on the wildlife trade and emerging infectious diseases.

Training Manual on Wildlife Diseases and Surveillance

The OIE launched a global programme of capacity building for OIE Delegates and OIE Focal Points on different topics in 2009.

Biodiversity and the Economic Response to COVID-19: Ensuring a Green and Resilient Recovery

This Policy Brief focuses on the vital role of biodiversity for human life and the importance of integrating biodiversity considerations into the recovery from the COVID-19 crisis.

Live and Wet Markets: Food Access versus the Risk of Disease Emergence

Emerging zoonotic diseases exert a significant burden on human health and have considerable socioeconomic impact worldwide.

Biodiversity and Health in the Urban Environment

A key research gap is to understand—and evidence—the specific causal pathways through which biodiversity affects human health.

Gaps in Health Security Related to Wildlife and Environment Affecting Pandemic Prevention and Preparedness

Improved health security is crucial for global and national health systems to counter infectious disease epidemics and their wide-scale socioeconomic consequences.

Amazon Deforestation Drives Malaria Trasmission, and Malaria Burden Reduces Forest Clearing

Deforestation and land use change are among the most pressing anthropogenic environmental impacts.

A Comparison of Three Holistic Approaches to Health: One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health

Several holistic and interdisciplinary approaches exist to safeguard health.

Global Shifts in Mammalian Population Trends Reveal Key Predictors of Virus Spillover Risk

Emerging infectious diseases in humans are frequently caused by pathogens originating from animal hosts, and zoonotic disease outbreaks present a major challenge to global health.

Drivers of Antibiotic Resistance Transmission in Low-and Middle-Income Countries from a One Health Perspective - A Review

Antibiotic resistance is an ecosystem problem threatening the interrelated human-animal-environment health under the “One Health” framework.

IPBES Workshop on Biodiversity and Pandemics

Pandemics represent an existential threat to the health and welfare of people across our planet.

Intersectoral collaboration shaping One Health in the policy agenda_Ghana and India.pdf

Intersectoral collaborations are an integral component of the prevention and control of diseases in a complex health system.

Information About Zoonotic Disease Risks Reduces Desire to Own Exotic Pets Among Global Consumers

Demand for exotic pets is a substantial driver of the illegal wildlife trade.

Coronavirus Testing Indicates Transmission Risk Increases along Wildlife Supply Chains for Human Consumption in Viet Nam

Outbreaks of emerging coronaviruses in the past two decades and the current pandemic of a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) that emerged in China highlight the importance of this viral family as a zoonotic public health threat.

How to Start Up a National Wildlife Health Surveillance Programme

A sound understanding of wildlife health is required to inform disease management and mitigation measures in order to help safeguard public, livestock, companion animal and wildlife health.

The Berlin Principles on One Health - Bridging Global Health and Conservation

For over 15-years, proponents of the One Health approach have worked to consistently interweave components that should never have been separated and now more than ever need to be re-connected: the health of humans, non-human animals, and ecosystems.

Ranking the Risk of Animal-to-Human Spillover for Newly Discovered Viruses

The death toll and economic loss resulting from the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic are stark reminders that we are vulnerable to zoonotic viral threats.

The Evolution of One Health: A Decade of Progress and Challenges for the Future

In the early years of the 21st century, emerging zoonotic viruses that had the potential to cause pandemic disease, including extensive human mortality, created several international crises (Gibbs 2005).

A Global Deal for our Pandemic Age: Report of the G20 High Level Independent Panel on Financing the Global Commons for Pandemic Preparedness and Response

The High Level Independent Panel was asked by the G20 in January 2021 to propose how finance can be organized, systematically and sustainably, to reduce the world’s vulnerability to future pandemics.

Taking a Multisectoral, One Health Approach: A Tripartite Guide to Addressing Zoonotic Diseases in Countries

Every day we hear about health challenges at the human-animal-environment interface.

Technical guidelines on rapid risk assessment for animal health threats

When an imminent threat or emergency arises from an animal health event, it is important to conduct a rapid risk assessment (RRA) that informs animal health decision-makers of the most efficient control measures that they can take to control the disease concerned.

One Health legislation: Contributing to pandemic prevention through law

The COVID-19 pandemic and other emerging infectious diseases, as well as the continuing threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), are reminding us of the close connections between human, animal and environmental health and the urgent need to address them in a holistic manner.

Does deforestation drive visceral leishmaniasis transmission? A casual analysis

Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) are important contributors to the global disease burden and are a key factor in perpetuating economic inequality.

Developing a One Health Approach by Using a Multi-Dimensional Matrix

The One Health concept that human, animal, plant, environmental, and ecosystem health are linked provides a framework for examining and addressing complex health challenges.

Compendium of WHO and other UN Guidance on Health and Environment

The World Health Organization (WHO) and other United Nations (UN) organizations have published extensive guidance on a range of essential health topics over the years, specifically addressing disease, environmental pollutants, children’s health, among many other topics.

Climate Change-Triggered Land Degredation and Planetary Health: A Review

Land is a vital natural resource for human socio-ecological wellbeing.

A One Health Glossary to Support Communication and Information Exchange Between Human Health, Animal Health and Food Safety Sectors

Collaboration across sectors, disciplines and countries is a key concept to achieve the overarching One Health (OH) objective for better human, animal and environmental health.

Investigating the Risks of Removing Wild Meat from Global Food Systems

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to calls to prohibit wild meat consumption, to protect public health and biodiversity.

A Tool for Rapid Assessment of Wildlife Markets in the Asia-Pacific Region for Risk of Future Zoonotic Disease Outbreaks

Decades of warnings that the trade and consumption of wildlife could result in serious zoonotic pandemics have gone largely unheeded.

Global Hotspots and Correlates of Emerging Zoonotic Diseases

Zoonoses originating from wildlife represent a significant threat to global health, security and economic growth, and combatting their emergence is a public health priority.

Disease Risk from Human-Environment Interactions: Environment and Development Economics for Joint Conservation-Health Policy

Emergence of COVID-19 joins a collection of evidence that local and global health are infuenced by human interactions with the natural environment.

Opportunities for Transdisciplinary Science to Mitigate Biosecurity Risks from the Intersectionality of Illegal Wildlife Trade with Emerging Zoonotic Pathogens

Existing collaborations among public health practitioners, veterinarians, and ecologists do not sufficiently consider illegal wildlife trade in their surveillance, biosafety, and security (SB&S) efforts even though the risks to health and biodiversity from these threats are significant.

A Framework to Guide Planetary Health Education

People around the world are increasingly facing the pressing challenges of today's interconnected environmental, social, and health crises.

A Better Classification of Wet Markets is Key to Safeguarding Human Health and Biodiversity

Wet markets have been implicated in multiple zoonotic outbreaks, including COVID-19.

Aquaculture at the Crossroads of Global Warming and Antimicrobial Resistance

In many developing countries, aquaculture is key to ensuring food security for millions of people.

The Right to a Healthy Environment: Reconceptualizing Human Rights in the Face of Climate Change

There is hardly any doubt that climate change threatens the enjoyment of a wide range of human rights.

CHANS-Law: Preventing the Next Pandemic through the Integration of Social and Environmental Law

Zoonotic viruses have sacrifced hundreds of millions of people throughout human history.

Strengthening Health Security Across the Globe: Progress and Impact of United States Government Investments in the Global Health Security Agenda

In 2020, the United States partnered with over 40 countries, including 19 Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) countries (called Intensive Support countries) described in this report, to provide operational and technical assistance to build their health security capacities.

Land-based Measures to Mitigate Climate Change: Potential and Feasibility by Country

Land-based climate mitigation measures have gained significant attention and importance in public and private sector climate policies.

Land-use Change and Rodent-borne Diseases: Hazards on the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways

Land-use change has a direct impact on species survival and reproduction, altering their spatio-temporal distributions.

Wild Animal and Zoonotic Disease Risk Management and Regulation in China: Examining gaps and One Health opportunities in scope, mandates, and monitoring systems

Emerging diseases of zoonotic origin such as COVID-19 are a continuing public health threat in China that lead to a significant socioeconomic burden.

Outbreaks of Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases are Associated with Changes in Forest Cover and Oil Palm Expansion at Global Scale

Deforestation is a major cause of biodiversity loss with a negative impact on human health.

One Health and the Environment: From Conceptual Framework to Implementation Science

The insignia of several agencies dedicated to health and healing depict an animal, a snake, coiled around a potent staff.

One Welfare Impacts of COVID-19 - A Summary of Key Highlights within the One Welfare Framework

One Welfare describes the interconnection between animal welfare, human wellbeing and their physical and social environment.

Role of Pollution on the Selection of Antibiotic Resistance and Bacterial Pathogens in the Environment

There is evidence that human activity causes pollution that contributes to an enhanced selection of bacterial pathogens in the environment.

Strategies for Implementing a One Welfare Framework into Emergency Management

During emergencies, people’s decision-making and actions are strongly influenced by their relationship with their animals.

The COVID-19 Pandemic is Intricately Linked to Biodiversity Loss and Ecosystem Health

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, caused by zoonotic SARS-CoV-2, has important links to biodiversity loss and ecosystem health.

The Impact of Climate Change on Health: Reducing Risks and Increasing Resilience in the Era of COVID-19

The climate crisis has many consequences – among them widespread health impacts that will lead to immense societal, ecological, and economic harm.

Working Together to Protect Australia in the Age of Pandemics

The COVID-19 pandemic has infiltrated every level of social, cultural and political life and has demonstrated the truly devastating effects of ineffective pandemic management systems.

A Systems Approach to Evaluate One Health Initiatives

Challenges calling for integrated approaches to health, such as the One Health (OH) approach, typically arise from the intertwined spheres of humans, animals, and ecosystems constituting their environment.

Improving rural health care reduces illegal logging and conserves carbon in a tropical forest

Tropical forest loss currently exceeds forest gain, leading to a net greenhouse gas emission that exacerbates global climate change.

International law reform for One Health notifications

Epidemic risk assessment and response relies on rapid information sharing.

Manual for the management of operations during an animal health emergency

This manual provides guidelines for countries and relevant local, national, regional and international organizations to prepare for and manage operations during animal health emergencies.

Guidance on mainstreaming biodiversity for nutrition and health

While human ingenuity and innovation have made considerable strides in meeting growing demands for food, shelter and energy over the past century, this progress has carried very high social and environmental costs (1).

Practical Actions to Operationalize the One Health Approach in the Asian Development Bank

One Health is an approach to human, animal, plant, and ecological health challenges that starts from a simple premise: these are all interconnected, and their solution demands communication, coordination, and collaboration across multiple sectors, disciplines, and levels of government.

Good emergency management practice: The essentials

Animal health emergencies arising from infectious diseases and other threats have a high potential to spread rapidly within a country or around the world.

Pollution and health: a progress update

The Lancet Commission on pollution and health reported that pollution was responsible for 9 million premature deaths in 2015, making it the world’s largest environmental risk factor for disease and premature death.

Antimicrobial Resistance and Environmental Health: A Water Stewardship Framework for Global and National Action

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health crisis that affects all life on Earth.

Extend Existing Food Safety Systems to the Global Wildlife Trade

This article discusses the suspected role of the wildlife trade in the COVID-19 pandemic and the risk of new emerging infectious diseases in humans have received widespread attention since the emergence of COVID-19.

Predicting the Potential for Zoonotic Transmission and Host Associations for Novel Viruses

Host-virus associations have co-evolved under ecological and evolutionary selection pressures that shape cross-species transmission and spillover to humans.

Effectiveness of Front Line and Emerging Fungal Disease Prevention and Control Interventions and Opportunities to Address Appropriate Eco-Sustainable Solutions

Fungal infections represent an under recognized threat to public health and antifungal resistance is increasing globally.

Effectiveness and Profitability of Preventive Veterinary Interventions in Controlling Infectious Diseases of Ruminant Livestock in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Scoping Review

Agriculture in general, and livestock production in particular, serve as a livelihood source for many people in sub-Saharan Africa.

Wildlife Susceptibility to Infectious Diseases at Global Scales

Disease transmission prediction across wildlife is crucial for risk assessment of emerging infectious diseases.

Roadmap for Achieving Net‑Zero Emissions in Global Food Systems by 2050

Food systems (FSs) emit about 20 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent per year (~ 35% of global greenhouse gas emissions).

Amphibian Collapses Increased Malaria Incidence in Central America

Biodiversity in ecosystems plays an important role in supporting human welfare, including regulating the transmission of infectious diseases.

Disease Control Tools to Secure Animal and Public Health in a Densely Populated World

Animal health is a prerequisite for global health, economic development, food security, food quality, and poverty reduction, while mitigating against climate change and biodiversity loss.

The Future of Fungi: Threats and Opportunities

The fungal kingdom represents an extraordinary diversity of organisms with profound impacts across animal, plant, and ecosystem health.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and One Health - A Call for Action to Integrate

One Health (OH) has gained considerable prominence since the beginning of the 21st century, among others, driven by the recent epidemics and the increasing importance of zoonotic diseases but most emphasis has been on the interactions between animal and human health, with considerably less attention to environmental and plant health.

Immediate Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Use of Wildlife as Food Among Indigenous People and Local Communities in South America

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a range of effects on the environment and particularly on wildlife, through diverse and sometimes contradictory impact pathways.

Aligning Conservation and Public Health Goals to Tackle Unsustainable Trade of Mammals

Unsustainable wildlife trade is a major driver of biodiversity loss and an important public health threat.

Changing Food Systems and Infection Disease Risks in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries

The emergence of COVID-19 has drawn the attention of health researchers sharply back to the role that food systems can play in generating human disease burden.

One Health Joint Plan of Action (2022-2026): Working Together for the Health of Humans, Animals, Plants and the Environment

The One Health Joint Plan of Action outlines the commitment of the four organizations – the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the World Organization for Animal Health (WOAH, founded as OIE), and the World Health Organization (WHO) – to collectively advocate and support the implementation of One Health.

Research and Innovation Opportunities to Improve Epidemiological Knowledge and Control of Environmentally Driven Zoonoses

While zoonotic diseases are defined by transmission processes between animals and humans, for many of these diseases the presence of a contaminated environmental source is the cause of transmission.

One Health for All: Advancing Human and Ecosystem Health in Cities by Integrating an Environmental Justice Lens

The One Health concept provides an organizing framework that promotes the health and well-being of urban communities and ecosystems.

One Health High-Level Expert Panel: One Health Theory of Change

The OHHLEP, established in May 2021, provides an advisory function to the Quadripartite organizations – FAO, UNEP, WHO and WOAH – to support their provision of evidence-based scientific and policy advice and technical support on One Health-related matters to their members.

The Association Between Dengue Case and Climate: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Although previous research frequently indicates that climate factors impact dengue transmission, the results are inconsistent.

Climate Change Impacts on Plant Pathogens, Food Security, and Paths Forward

Plant disease outbreaks pose significant risks to global food security and environmental sustainability worldwide, and result in the loss of primary productivity and biodiversity that negatively impact the environmental and socio-economic conditions of affected regions.

Environmental Variation Across Multiple Spatial Scales and Temporal Lags Influences Hendra Virus Spillover

Pathogens can spill over and infect new host species by overcoming a series of ecological and biological barriers.

The Most At-Risk Regions in the World for High-Impact Heatwaves

Heatwaves are becoming more frequent under climate change and can lead to thousands of excess deaths.

Global Governance for Pandemic Prevention and the Wildlife Trade

Although ideas about preventive actions for pandemics have been advanced during the COVID-19 crisis, there has been little consideration for how they can be operationalized through governance structures within the context of the wildlife trade for human consumption.

Helping to Heal Nature and Ourselves Through Human-Rights-Based and Gender-Responsive One Health

The health of our planet and humanity is threatened by biodiversity loss, disease, and climate crises.

Operational Framework for Strengthening Human, Animal, and Environmental Public Health Systems at their Interface

Public health systems are impacted by, and must respond to, significant threats at the human-animal-environment interface.

Reducing Pandemic Risks at Source: Wildlife, Environment, and One Health Foundations in East and South Asia

Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) are infections associated with new or significantly-expanded geographic scope or spread of zoonotic, vector-borne, and drug-resistant pathogens.

Academic Health Institutions’ Declaration on Planetary Health

This Declaration endorses the definition of planetary health as defined by the Planetary Health Alliance: Planetary health is a solutions-oriented, transdisciplinary field and social movement focused on analyzing and addressing the impacts of human disruptions to Earth’s natural systems on human health and all life on Earth.

Medicinal Plants Against Antimicrobial Resistance

The causes of antimicrobial resistance are complex.

Insects as Feed for Livestock Production

This review explains how the use of insects as livestock feed can improve sustainability of livestock production because insects can transform low value organic wastes into high quality feed.

Rice-Animal Co-Culture Systems Benefit Global Sustainable Intensification

Through a global consensus by synthesizing evidence from existing literature, this study found that rice-animal co-culture systems could produce more diverse food types and nutrient sources, enhance resource use efficiency and reduce methane emissions, while increasing farmers' income.

Protecting Brazilian Amazon Indigenous Territories Reduces Atmospheric Particulates and Avoids Associated Health Impacts and Costs

Indigenous territories are important for conservation, but little is known about their role in maintaining human health.

Seaweed’s Contribution to Food Security in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Benefits from Production, Processing, and Trade

This paper explores the potential of seaweed to address food insecurity and poor nutrition, alongside its potential to mitigate the carbon footprint of food systems globally.

From Reacting to Preventing Pandemics - Building Animal Health and Wildlife Systems for One Health in East Asia and Pacific

The reduction of pandemic risk is a quintessential global public good and risk management that requires whole-of-society to respond to the pandemics at the country, regional, and global levels.

Human Disturbance Increases Coronavirus Prevalence in Bats

Human land modification is a known driver of animal-to-human transmission of infectious agents (zoonotic spillover).

What Climate-Smart Agriculture Means for Smallholder Farmers

Smallholder farmers generate an estimated 32 percent of global greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture and are one of the populations most at risk from climate change.

Improving the Assessment of Ecosystem and Wildlife Health: Microbiome as an Early Indicator

Human activities are causing dramatic declines in ecosystem health, compromising the functioning of the life-support system, economic activity, and animal and human health.

Evolution and Expansion of the One Health Approach to Promote Sustainable and Resilient Health and Well-being: A Call to Action

To ensure the One Health approach can function effectively within the new global context of converging health, economic, and ecological crises, it must evolve and expand.

Synthesis Report on the Environmental and Health Impacts of Pesticides and Fertilizers and Ways to Minimize Them

This report presents a comprehensive review of available information on environmental and health effects impacts of pesticides and fertilizers, and provides actions to be taken by stakeholders to minimize the adverse impacts.

Financial Incentives Often Fail to Reconcile Agricultural Productivity and Pro-Conservation Behavior

Paying resource users to preserve features of their environment could in theory better align production and conservation goals.

Sector Environmental Guideline: Livestock Production

The purpose of this document and the Sector Environmental Guidelines overall is to support environmentally sound design and management of USAID development activities by providing concise, plain-language information about the potential for beneficial impacts from well-managed livestock systems, the typical adverse environmental impacts of activities in the sector, how to prevent or otherwise mitigate adverse impacts, and how to minimize vulnerability of activities to climate change.

Prevention of Zoonotic Spillover: From Relying on Response to Reducing the Risk at Source

This review suggests that reducing zoonotic spillover risk at the source is economically beneficial.

One Health Systems Strengthening in Countries: Tripartite Tools and Approaches at the Human-Animal-Environment Interface

Unexpected pathogen transmission between animals, humans and their shared environments can impact all aspects of society.

Synergising Tools for Capacity Assessment and One Health Operationalisation

Multisectoral, One Health collaboration is essential for addressing national and international health threats that arise at the human–animal–environment interface.

Mitigating Zoonotic Disease Threats to Prevent Future Pandemics: A Critical Analysis of Policy Favoring the Closures of Wildlife Markets in Latin America

This report challenges the efficacy of wildlife market closure policy by considering cultural, socioeconomic, and legal factors for the existence of wildlife market within megadiverse countries in Latin America.

Implementing Human Health as a Landscape Service in Collaborative Landscape Approaches

Landscape services have been found to foster collaboration among actors in social-ecological transitions towards a more sustainable landscape.

Effects of Climate-Related Risks and Extreme Events on Health Outcomes and Health Utilization of Primary Care in Rural and Remote Areas: A Scoping Review

Rural populations are at risk of climate-related impacts due to ecological and geographical determinants, potentially leading to greater morbidity and health utilization.

World Forests, Global Change, and Emerging Pests and Pathogens

Global changes play an important role in altering patterns of human, animal, and plant host–pathogen interactions and invasive pest species.

The Deep Prevention of Future Pandemics Through a One Health Approach: What Role For a Pandemic Instrument?

More than half of all known human pathogens have animal origin and a key question that has arisen in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis is: how can the risk of future pandemics emerging from the animal-human-ecosystems interface be reduced? This policy brief seeks to advance thinking and debate on this question by offering analysis on how a Pandemic Instrument could incorporate the One Health approaches to strengthen pandemic prevention, preparedness and response.

The Role of Social Vulnerability in Improving Interventions for Neglected Zoonotic Diseases: The Example of Kyasanur Forest Disease in India

Forest-based communities manage many risks to health and socio-economic welfare including the increasing threat of emerging zoonoses.

Harnessing Soil Biodiversity to Promote Human Health in Cities

This research stresses that reductions in urban soil biodiversity elevate risks to human health, but soil biodiversity can improve human health through pathways including suppressing pathogens, remediating soil, shaping a beneficial human microbiome and promoting immune fitness.

Re-Imagining One Health: A Perspective From Social Science

As human decisions and actions are the locus of One Health challenges, it is critical to understand how people perceive and act on these connections.

Systems Thinking and Practice: A Guide to Concepts, Principles, and Tools for FCDO and Partners

This guide offers an insight into the theoretical foundations, conceptual frameworks, and facilitation tools for adopting a systems mindset and putting it into practice.

Global Trends in Antimicrobial Use in Food-Producing Animals: 2020 to 2030

Use of antimicrobials in farming has enabled the growth of intensive animal production and helped in meeting the global increase in demand for animal protein.

Transformative Learning for a Sustainable and Healthy Future Through Ecosystem Approaches to Health

This paper presents insights from the work of the Canadian Community of Practice in Ecosystem Approaches to Health (CoPEH-Canada) and 15 years (2008–2022) of land-based, transdisciplinary, learner-centered, transformative learning and training.

Challenges and Successes of One Health in the Context of Planetary Health in Latin America and the Caribbean

Latin America faces significant challenges in the last decades due to the deep social inequality associated with environmental degradation and biodiversity loss that menace the integral health of the diverse socio-ecological systems.

Facilitating Implementation of the One Health Approach: A Definition of a One Health Intervention

To provide evidence of the impact of implementing the One Health approach and to assess the process outputs, a definition of a One Health intervention is required.

Biodiversity Data Supports Research on Human Infectious Diseases: Global Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities

Research on emerging infectious diseases may require the access to geographical and ecological data of multiple species.

One Health 2: A Global Analysis of One Health Networks and the Proliferation of One Health Collaborations

There has been a renewed focus on threats to the human–animal–environment interface as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, and investments in One Health collaborations are expected to increase.

One Health 3: How Prepared is the World? Identifying Weaknesses in Existing Assessment Frameworks for Global Health Security Through a One Health Approach

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed faults in the way we assess preparedness and response capacities for public health emergencies.

One Health 4: Global and Regional Governance of One Health and Implications for Global Health Security

The apparent failure of global health security to prevent or prepare for the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need for closer cooperation between human, animal, and environmental health sectors.

Recommendations and Technical Specifications for Sustainable Surveillance of Zoonotic Pathogens Where Wildlife is Implicated

A science-based participatory process guided by EFSA identified 10 priority zoonotic pathogens for future One Health surveillance in Europe.

Advancing One Health: Updated Core Competencies

In this paper, a review of past and currently accepted One Health core competencies was conducted, with competence gaps identified.

Pollinator Deficits, Food Consumption, and Consequences for Human Health: A Modeling Study

Animal pollination supports agricultural production for many healthy foods, such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, and legumes, that provide key nutrients and protect against noncommunicable disease.

WildHealthNet: Supporting the Development of Sustainable Wildlife Health Surveillance Networks in Southeast Asia

Wildlife and wildlife interfaces with people and livestock are essential surveillance targets to monitor emergent or endemic pathogens or new threats affecting wildlife, livestock, and human health.

Social-ecological System Health in Transfrontier Conservation Areas to Promote the Coexistence Between People and Nature

The ProSuLi in Transfrontier Conservation Areas in southern Africa project engaged with four communities in three countries (Botswana, Mozambique and Zimbabwe) to identify, co-design, implement, and monitor livelihoods interventions that could improve well-being.

Operationalizing the Environment Health Nexus in Asia and the Pacific: A Policy Guide on Opportunities for Enhancing Health, Biodiversity, Food System and Climate Action

This policy guide aims to support policymakers and stakeholders in the Asia-Pacific region to address environment-health risks and safeguard human health and well-being while protecting ecosystems.

Gender Analysis for One Health: Theoretical Perspectives and Recommendations for Practice

This paper outlines the consultative workshop, ‘‘Women and One Health,’’ and highlights outcomes toward shared terminology and integration of frameworks from one health, gender analysis, and women in agriculture.

Gender Gap Reduction and the One Health Benefits

This paper proposes an ecological approach to find relationships between quantitative indicators of the gender gap dimension, the environmental performance index and the life expectancy at birth as summary of human health index in 155 countries.

The Determinants of Planetary Health: An Indigenous Consensus Perspective

A group of Indigenous scholars, practitioners, land and water defenders, respected Elders, and knowledge-holders came together to define the determinants of planetary health from an Indigenous perspective.

On the Possibility of Decolonising Planetary Health: Exploring New Geographies for Collaboration

This Viewpoint explores research in planetary health across holistic worldviews and western scientific approaches, based our examination of decolonising interventions in planetary health by exploring how global trajectories play out in British Columbia, Canada.

Wet Market Biosecurity Reform: Three Social Narratives Influence Stakeholder Responses in Vietnam, Kenya, and the Philippines

In 2020, Covid-19 led to global policy statements promoting bans and reforms to wet markets in Asia and Africa to prevent future pandemics.

Overcoming Resistance: The Expert Panel on Antimicrobial Availability

This report focuses on one aspect of a comprehensive solution to the growing threat of Antimicrobial resistance — encouraging the development and commercialization of novel antimicrobials through pull incentives that offer enhanced financial returns to manufacturers bringing qualifying antimicrobials to the Canadian market and, more importantly, to patients in Canada.

Advancing Integrated Governance for Health Through National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans

In 2022, 196 government parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity agreed to update and redesign their national biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs) by the end of 2024.

Investigating Infectious Organisms of Public Health Concern Associated with Wild Meat

The wild meat trade poses a significant threat to public health as it facilitates the spillover of zoonotic pathogens through high-risk activities such as the hunting, butchering, trade, and consumption of wild animals.

A Review on the Fate, Human Health and Environmental Impacts, and Regulation of Antibiotics Used in Aquaculture

Antibiotics have been a necessary component of animal husbandry and aquaculture since they were first used in clinical settings in the 1940s to meet the rising demand for foods generated from animals.

Summary for Policymakers: The Thematic Assessment Report on Invasive Alien Species and Their Control

The Invasive Alien Species Assessment explores how invasive alien species affect nature and people globally.

Using Integrated Wildlife Monitoring to Prevent Future Pandemics Through One Health Approach

In the One Health context, Integrated Wildlife Monitoring (IWM) merges wildlife health monitoring and host community monitoring to early detect emerging infections, record changes in disease dynamics, and assess the impact of interventions in complex multi-host and multi-pathogen networks.

Stratifying the Urban Matrix Using Zoning Laws: A Protocol for Bats and Their Pathogens

Urbanization implies important ecological changes in bat communities and in their intra and interspecific pathogen transmission.

The Social Costs of Keystone Species Collapse: Evidence From The Decline of Vultures in India

Scientific evidence suggests the Earth is undergoing a mass extinction of species, caused by human activity.

Does Land‑use and Land Cover Affect Vector‑borne Diseases? A Systematic Review and Meta‑analysis

To evaluate the impact of land-use and land-cover (LULC) on the transmission of VBDs, we conducted a systematic review of the existing literature on the global effects of land use on VBDs.

Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance by Integrating One Health and the Sustainable Development Goals

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been identified as a leading threat to global public health.

Organising for One Health in a Developing Country

Globally, zoonotic diseases pose an enormous and growing public health challenge, and developing countries are at the epicenter of it.

One Health: We’re All Connected!

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has created this coloring book to offer parents, guardians, and educators an interactive way to talk to kids about how the health of people, animals, and the environment is all connected—known as One Health.

Evaluation of a Global Training Program in One Health communication

A global Train-the-Trainer Program, focused on improving the communication techniques of One Health advocates, is assessed and evaluated in this study.

Association Between Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Clinical Antibiotic Resistance: A Global Analysis

This analysis is the first to describe the association between PM2·5 and clinical antibiotic resistance globally.

One Health and Neglected Tropical Diseases

One Health is defined as an approach to achieve better health outcomes for humans, animals, and the environment through collaborative and interdisciplinary efforts.

Guidance to Facilitate Monitoring and Evaluation for Antimicrobial Resistance National Action Plans

The aim of the the global action plan on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is to ensure the continuity of successful treatment with effective and safe medicines.

Indigenous Determinants of Health: A Unified Call for Progress

Globally, substantial challenges remain for Indigenous Peoples.

Co-benefits of Marine Protected Areas for Nature and People

This research uses a statistical matching approach to examine whether marine protected areas are associated with co-benefits or trade-offs between reef fish abundances and measures of human well-being, including income, diet and food security in the Mesoamerican region.

A Planetary Health Innovation for Disease, Food and Water Challenges in Africa

Many communities in low- and middle-income countries globally lack sustainable, cost-effective and mutually beneficial solutions for infectious disease, food, water, and poverty challenges.

The Use of Environmental Scenarios to Project Future Health Effects: A Scoping Review

Environmental risks are a substantial factor in the current burden of disease, and their role is likely to increase in the future.

The values and risks of an Intergovernmental Panel for One Health to strengthen pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response

The COVID-19 pandemic has shown the need for better global governance of pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response and has emphasized the importance of organized knowledge production and uptake.

Operationalizing One Health in Pastoralist Settings Module 1: Principles and Applications of One Health

This facilitator guide is intended to help trainers deliver Module 1: Principles and Applications of One Health of the HEAL training package.

Characterizing the One Health Workforce to Promote Interdisciplinary, Multisectoral Approaches in Global Health Problem-solving

The objectives of this formative study were to build foundational knowledge of the One Health workforce regarding demographics, education, and employment, as well as to explore the benefits of One Health education to the workforce, the unique challenges that One Health workers face, and whether employers are satisfied with their employees working in One Health.

The Case for Investing in Animal Health to Support One Health

The Action for Animal Health coalition advocates for five pillars of action to secure animal health and welfare.

Zoonotic and Environmental Disease Risk Assessment Tool

This mnemonic device provides a matrix of questions to assess animal and environment disease risk.

One Health in Turkana County, Kenya: Applications and Lessons Learned

This case describes the development of the One Health Strategy in Turkana County, Kenya.

How Crop-livestock Clinics Are Advancing One Health: A Pilot Case from Uganda

This case narrates the early experiences with crop–livestock clinics – a novel, integrated advisory service for smallholder farmers, which is based on existing government extension structures and capacities.

Plastic Pollution: How Can the Global Health Community Fight the Growing Problem?

Plastic products and plastic waste threaten human health because of their toxicity, role in disease propagation, possible interference with food supply through their environmental effects and socioeconomic impacts.

Healthy Soil for Healthy Humans and a Healthy Planet

This review argues that a healthy soil is multifunctional and is capable of supporting human and planetary health.

WHO Guidance for Climate-resilient and Environmentally Sustainable Health Care Facilities

The aim of this guidance is to enhance the capacity of health care facilities to protect and improve the health of their target communities in an unstable and changing climate; and to empower health care facilities to be environmentally sustainable, by optimizing the use of resources and minimizing the release of waste into the environment.

Coastal Urbanization Influences Human Pathogens and Microdebris Contamination in Seafood

Seafood is one of the leading imported products implicated in foodborne outbreaks worldwide.

Mapping Potential Conflicts Between Global Agriculture and Terrestrial Conservation

Demand for food products, often from international trade, has brought agricultural land use into direct competition with biodiversity.

Progressive Management Pathway for Terrestrial Animal Biosecurity

FAO has pioneered the progressive management pathway (PMP) approach to assist countries, industries, and producers to gradually implement improved and sustainable levels of risk management.

Rights and Knowledge of Indigenous Peoples and Planetary Health

This Planetary Health Alliance (PHA) Policy Note aims to elevate the views expressed by Indigenous leaders in the 2023 UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) and call attention to how Planetary Health work can align with UNPFII.

The Effectiveness of Global Protected Areas for Climate Change Mitigation

Forests play a critical role in stabilizing Earth’s climate.

Importance of a One Health Approach in Advancing Global Health Security and the Sustainable Development Goals

The One Health community has faced difficulties in determining specific One Health impact indicators for formally evaluating One Health successes.

Opportunities and Challenges of Bio‐based Fertilizers Utilization for Improving Soil Health

Bio-based fertilizers (BBFs) have been promoted as a solution to help manage bio-waste problems and improve soil health conditions.

Improving the Ecological and Economic Performance of Agri-environment Schemes: Payment by Modelled Results Versus Payment for Actions

Researchers and policy-makers have become increasingly interested in re-designing agri-environmental policy to improve both economic efficiency and ecological effectiveness.

Pathogen Spillover Driven by Rapid Changes in Bat Ecology

During recent decades, pathogens that originated in bats have become an increasing public health concern.

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